Spring 2017
From the Editor

Finding time to read the good stuff.

By Julie Lancaster

We know you’re inundated with information—especially this year, as the national and international news brings ever more amazing, or appalling, things to read about. But we know our community’s interest in the music and dance we study runs deep. Continue Reading

In Memoriam

In Memoriam

By Kef Times Staff, Spring 2017

In this issue we honor two giants in our community and beyond who died in 2016: Vassil Bebelekov, gajda player and teacher, and Esma Redžepova, singer, teacher and humanitarian.

Vassil Bebelekov

By Craig Kurumada, Spring 2017
Last photo of Vassil Bebelekov, taken at Lark in the Morning Camp, 2016. Photo provided by Craig Kurumada.

Last photo of Vassil Bebelekov, taken at Lark in the Morning Camp, 2016. Photo provided by Craig Kurumada.


Through the pain of losing him, I have to admit, he couldn’t have chosen a better place to leave this earth. He went in his sleep, in the heart of a beautiful redwood forest, doing what he loved, surrounded by people he loved and who loved him.

I count myself as the luckiest of students, because I could see Vassil Bebelekov many times a year. Not that it guaranteed my bagpipe playing would improve, but as I remember our friendship, I realize the many rungs of the long ladder to becoming a better musician, a better gajdar.

I remember my first meeting Vassil as a bit of comic chaos. Twenty-odd years ago, Bulgarian dance teacher Petur Iliev was due to arrive at the Arcata Festival any minute. The opening concert, a mix of bands and short dance performances, timed to the minute, was about to begin. Petur appeared at the door, saying he had a guest who was a great gajda player. Could he, maybe, play for the concert? I remember Linnea Mandell corralling all the performers for the concert, asking them if they could shave off a minute or two, just to squeeze in 10 or so minutes for this real Bulgarian bagpiper to play. Room in the schedule was made (with a little grumbling), but Vassil became a part of the Arcata Festival for every year thereafter.

photo: EEFC

photo: EEFC

Vassil would also become a mainstay of Balkan camp, teaching Thracian gajda, bitov ensemble and, of course, the Rhodope gajda.
In the Balkan camp environment, it’s easy to see only one dimension of someone. Vassil was a musical virtuoso and teacher. But he had many more layers to his life.

As you might imagine, gajda students are always looking at the teacher’s fingers. I remember first noticing his Masonic ring. His eyes glinted as he smiled that particularly impish smile of his. He liked hobnobbing and being a mover and shaker. Vassil also loved wordplay and puns. His use of “Nice driveway!” as the anglicized “na zdrave” whenever a glass was raised, was carved into a flask given to him by his music students at UCLA.

And, he loved to cook.

For many years, at festivals such as Kolo Festival in San Francisco and our own Arcata Festival, Vassil would exchange his gajda for an apron to make mouthwatering vinen kebab, moussaka, baklava and other specialties.

But, of course, his deepest passion was bringing music to people. Years ago, he and his wife Maria were attending a party in Arcata. After I had introduced them as our teachers, Vassil told the crowd that, rather than students, he and Maria regarded us as his “colleagues.” My mouth hung open. I cannot recall ever feeling so flattered. Vassil loved teaching, considering his students to be more like family members.

Vassil and the author. Photo courtesy

Vassil and the author. Photo courtesy

With his passing, I’ve dedicated part of my life to helping get gajdi in the hands of those who want them. Along with colleagues of the “Gajda Mafia,” a joke name for his students who took up the kaba gajda, the low, deep bagpipe of his native Rhodope Mountains, I feel that continuing Vassil’s legacy of gajda creation, repair and spreading of this wonderful musical form is the best way to honor his memory.

I would like to give great credit to Bill Cope and Ivan Velev with setting up a wonderful memorial website. I also value all the support Bill gave to Maria and his daughter Didi in dealing with his estate as well as the inventory of his workshop, collecting the various instruments Vassil was repairing and returning them to their owners.

I will be reminded of Vassil with every Bulgarian tune I hear or when I pick up my gajda, especially among fellow musicians who share these memories. Every year, following the class, each crammed with quick lessons in ornaments, hastily corrected sheet music, a plague of tuning issues, but finally a well-performed piece, he would look up, beaming, and say, “Wow! The best bitov in the world!”

And he was right, every time.

Maria and Vassil Bebelekov. (photo: EEFC)

Maria and Vassil Bebelekov. (photo: EEFC)

Vassil passed away on July 31, 2016 at Lark in the Morning Music Camp in the Mendocino Woodlands. He is survived by his widow, Maria, and daughter, Kostadinka (Didi). He was preceded in death by his son, Jivko, in 2005.

Photos, videos, comments and memories are available at

Esma Redžepova

By Carol Silverman, Spring 2017


Esma Redžepova. Ramblewood, 1997. (photo: Margaret Loomis)

Esma Redžepova performed for over 50 years to enthusiastic audiences in Europe, North America, the Middle East, and Asia. Hailed by NPR as one of the world’s “50 Great Voices” and crowned "The Queen of Romani Music" at the World Romani Congress in India in 1976, Esma was perhaps the most famous Romani singer in the world and gave thousands of concerts, many of them for humanitarian causes. Her ensemble played in plazas, stadiums, and opera houses, for villagers as well as world leaders. Esma was the first Romani musician in Yugoslavia to concertize and record for mass audiences in the Romani language, and she was the first Macedonian woman to perform on television. She produced over 500 songs on dozens of records, several of which achieved "gold" status in the Former Yugoslavia; releases include Songs of A Macedonian Gypsy (Monitor), Čhaje Shukarije (World Connection), and Gypsy Carpet (World Network).

Born in Skopje, Esma was one of six children in a poor Muslim family; her father lost a leg in World War II and subsequently shined shoes. At the age of eleven she met Stevo Teodosievski, an ethnic Macedonian accordionist and arranger who recognized her talents and secured permission from her parents to train her as recording artist (not a cafe singer, which would be considered shameful). By the age of thirteen, Esma had become a star with her trademark song "Čhaje Šukarije" (beautiful Romani girl). Esma and Ensemble Teodosievski moved from Macedonia to Serbia in 1961 to cultivate wider opportunities and escape prejudice against Roma in the music industry.

Teodosievski’s vision and Esma's abilities created the perfect combination of Romani exoticism and refinement. Stevo and Esma composed songs which they transformed into staged choreographies incorporating dance, costume and dramatic scenarios showcasing the stunning emotional range and dramatic potential of Esma's voice. The couple married in 1968 (one of the first "mixed marriages" in Macedonia) and were inseparable musical partners until Stevo's death in 1997. Her career continued with her children. Stevo and Esma turned their home into a school of music that served as a training ground for 47 children (many from poor homes) whom they adopted.

Esma and her band performing at Camp Ramblewood, 1997. (photo: Margaret Loomis)

Throughout the years the Ensemble embraced an eclectic internationalism: music from various regions of Yugoslavia became part of their repertoire as well as from neighboring Balkan countries and beyond. Singing in over fifteen languages, including all of the Balkan and East European languages, plus Hebrew, German and Hindi, Esma embodied the versatility, innovation, and cosmopolitanism of Romani artists. Esma's songs, sometimes based on true-life incidents, chronicle the joys and sorrows of love, such as in arranged marriages, the poverty of Roma, and the pain of separation, such as that resulting from Balkan men going abroad to work.


Esma and students at the student concert, Ramblewood. This was only a part of her very large class, 1998. (photo: Margaret Loomis)

Esma was a major contributor to countless advocacy and assistance programs for women and underserved populations, including the disabled and refugees. She was honorary president of the Macedonian Red Cross; in 2000, the Sorority of Roma Women proclaimed Esma "Woman of the Millennium.” In 2002 Esma was nominated as United Nations Ambassador for Refugees in Macedonia, and she was nominated a second time for the Nobel Peace Prize. In 2010, she was awarded the Macedonian Order of Merit, and in 2013 she was proclaimed a National Artist of Macedonia. She hoped to open a "Home of Humanity and Museum of Romani Music" in her home; plans included an archive, a recording studio and an outpatient clinic for the underserved.

Esma and several of her adopted sons taught at both the West and East Coast EEFC workshops in 1997 and 1998. Her last tour to the United States was in spring 2016, sponsored by Voice of Roma and the Center for Traditional Music and Dance. Her son, arranger/composer Simeon Atanasov, plans to continue her legacy with Esma’s only female protégée, Eleonora Mustafovska.

Editor’s Note: Besides being a master of Romani music and a great humanitarian, Esma Redžepova was a remarkable, larger-than-life woman with a strong will, a wonderful sense of humor and a gift for embracing the moment.

Esma dances with Petrana Kucheva at Ramblewood, 1997; Rachel MacFarlane and Merita Halili can also be seen. (photo: Margaret Loomis)

For each the two years she attended Balkan camp, folks from the EEFC community set up appearances in cities from coast to coast. I produced the concerts in Denver and had the honor of hosting Esma and some of her band in my home. She merrily joined me in the kitchen, wanting to do all the cooking for her “boys,” certain that if she asked for an ingredient in enough different languages, sooner or later I’d know what she meant. Despite being an international superstar, she prepared a huge turli tava (vegetable and meat stew) for our party, then delighted us all (and our neighbors) by singing and dancing with us on the front porch.

I remember the enthusiasm she brought to teaching her classes at camp and the fact that she sat in on classes taught by other teachers, wearing her straw hat and brimming over with pleasure that so many Americans were studying Balkan music and dancing. I remember a night when her kafana performance with her band shook the room with ecstasy.

It pleases me to think that Balkan camp brought so much pleasure to one who brought the world so much pleasure and meaning.

Julie Lancaster

Stories about Esma appear in several past Kef Times issues:

Spring/Summer 1997
EEFC Sponsors “Queen of Romani Music”—Carol Silverman
(This issue also includes a tribute to Stevo Teodosievski)

Fall/Winter 1997
Traveling with Esma—Michael Ginsburg
(The tale of Esma and company’s first teaching appearance at Balkan camp and the logistics challenges that posed; plus Esma and the Esma Plum Tree photo)

Spring/Summer 1998
The Balkans Return to Camp—Michael Ginsburg

Fall/Winter 1998
Ajde Na Poi Balls!—Alina Niemi



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